Turkish (Türkçe) is the most widely-spoken of the Turkic languages and is the official language of the Republic of Turkey. Turkish is an Altaic language and its closest living relatives are other Turkic languages, which are spoken in southwestern, central and northern Asia; and to a lesser degree in southeastern Europe (the Balkans).
Turkish grammar and sentence structures as well as vocabulary differ completely from Indo-European languages like English and Farsi and Semitic languages like Arabic and Hebrew and indeed from many other languages. There are no articles, genders, or declensions.
There are 29 letters in the alphabet and each of them has only one fixed sound.