Yuşa Camiisi (Yusa Mosque)
Altınşehir Mh., 34775 Ümraniye/İstanbul
Daily, except prayer times.
Muslims pray five times each day. The precise timing of prayers often vary by a few minutes each day, therefore throughout a year there is a wide range of prayer times. The reason is that Islamic prayer times were traditionally set according to the movement of the sun.
Actually Islamic prayers are fixed at the same "time" period each day -- before dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening. Because of the rotation of the earth, the latitudes of the earth’s locations, daylight savings time, etc. -- the "times" (according to the clock) for these prayers change depending on time of day and location.
The Yuşa Mosque is located in Beykoz, on a hill of the same name. This hill was deemed sacred from early times and the different civilizations who settled in the area built shrines and temples here. During Roman times there was a temple to Zeus, which was converted to the Hagios Michael Church during the Byzantine period. In 1755, during the Ottoman period, a mescit was constructed on the hill. At the same time the grave of the prophet Joshua was turned into a tomb.
The hill and mosque attract as many visitors now as ever. The mosque was damaged by fire but repaired according to its original design during the reign of Sultan Abdülaziz in 1863. It continues to function as a mosque today.
Mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. It comes from the Arabic word 'masjid' which literally means "a place for prostration". Mosques are also places where Muslims come together for different purposes such as education, social gatherings, public meetings, exhibitions, lectures etc. Although there is no specific requirement for mosques in terms of their architecture, one can see some common features inside and outside of many mosques such as minarets, domes, ablution areas, prayer niche (mihrab), pulpit (minbar) and so on.
Muslims are obliged to perform the ritual worship 5 times a day. They are not required to attend a mosque for each of these prayers however in order to interact with the community they are encouraged to pray in congregation. Friday noon is the only time in a week when Muslims must definitely join the congregational prayer in a mosque after which they can continue their work, education or other commitments.
Azan or the call for prayer is a vocal announcement that one can hear from minarets 5 times a day. The call to prayer is made live -even early in the morning- by a person called 'muazzin'. The muazzins are usually chosen from people with loud and beautiful voices and trained over years to make this announcement beautifully and invite people to worship.