Zihni Paşa Camiisi (Zihni Pasa Mosque)
Located in Erenköy, the Zihni Paşa Mosque was built between 1902-1903 by Mustafa Zihni Paşa. A three-story building was added to the mosque in 1980 with the goal of making it larger. The mosque, constructed of cut stone with a low dome, demonstrates eclectic architecture. It draws attention for its hemstitch decorations, plant motifs and reliefs.
A fountain with dome built in the shape of a tower with carved star reliefs, and the tomb of Mustafa Zihni Paşa and his family are found in the courtyard. Next to the mosque is a two-story Ottoman primary school which is now used as an art school for girls.
Mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. It comes from the Arabic word 'masjid' which literally means "a place for prostration". Mosques are also places where Muslims come together for different purposes such as education, social gatherings, public meetings, exhibitions, lectures etc. Although there is no specific requirement for mosques in terms of their architecture, one can see some common features inside and outside of many mosques such as minarets, domes, ablution areas, prayer niche (mihrab), pulpit (minbar) and so on.
Muslims are obliged to perform the ritual worship 5 times a day. They are not required to attend a mosque for each of these prayers however in order to interact with the community they are encouraged to pray in congregation. Friday noon is the only time in a week when Muslims must definitely join the congregational prayer in a mosque after which they can continue their work, education or other commitments.
Azan or the call for prayer is a vocal announcement that one can hear from minarets 5 times a day. The call to prayer is made live -even early in the morning- by a person called 'muazzin'. The muazzins are usually chosen from people with loud and beautiful voices and trained over years to make this announcement beautifully and invite people to worship.