Located in Tophane, the Kılıç Ali Paşa Mosque was commissioned by the Ottoman chief admiral, Kılıç Ali Paşa, and built by the architect Sinan in 1580. Designed as an entire mosque-complex (Turkish: külliye) there is the mosque itself, a madrassa, a tomb, a public fountain, a school and a hamam. The mosque’s original plans are one of the rare documents to survive intact from the 16th century and demonstrate how Sinan worked to have the mosque resemble the Hagia Sophia.
With a one, one-tiered minaret, the interior of the mosque is notable for the fine craftsmanship demonstrated in the marble minbar and mihrab.
Mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. It comes from the Arabic word 'masjid' which literally means "a place for prostration". Mosques are also places where Muslims come together for different purposes such as education, social gatherings, public meetings, exhibitions, lectures etc. Although there is no specific requirement for mosques in terms of their architecture, one can see some common features inside and outside of many mosques such as minarets, domes, ablution areas, prayer niche (mihrab), pulpit (minbar) and so on.
Muslims are obliged to perform the ritual worship 5 times a day. They are not required to attend a mosque for each of these prayers however in order to interact with the community they are encouraged to pray in congregation. Friday noon is the only time in a week when Muslims must definitely join the congregational prayer in a mosque after which they can continue their work, education or other commitments.
Azan or the call for prayer is a vocal announcement that one can hear from minarets 5 times a day. The call to prayer is made live -even early in the morning- by a person called 'muazzin'. The muazzins are usually chosen from people with loud and beautiful voices and trained over years to make this announcement beautifully and invite people to worship.