Arap Camiisi (Arab Mosque)
Tersane Cad. Arap Camii Mah. Mahkeme Sok. No:16 Beyoğlu
Daily, except prayer times.
Muslims pray five times each day. The precise timing of prayers often vary by a few minutes each day, therefore throughout a year there is a wide range of prayer times. The reason is that Islamic prayer times were traditionally set according to the movement of the sun.
Actually Islamic prayers are fixed at the same "time" period each day -- before dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening. Because of the rotation of the earth, the latitudes of the earth’s locations, daylight savings time, etc. -- the "times" (according to the clock) for these prayers change depending on time of day and location.
It is not known by exactly whom or when the Arab Mosque (Turkish: Arap Camii) in Galata was built. It is thought that the building was constructed by Latin Crusaders as a church from the remains of Byzantine era ruins. In the period when Galata was under the control of the Genoese, the building was home to the Saint Paulo and Dominic Church. After the conquest of Istanbul, the building was converted to a mosque and became known as the Galata mosque. After 1492, as Arab migrants from Spain began to settle in the neighborhood, the mosque started to be known as the Arab mosque. Built in Gothic style, the mosque was last restored in 1868.
Mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. It comes from the Arabic word 'masjid' which literally means "a place for prostration". Mosques are also places where Muslims come together for different purposes such as education, social gatherings, public meetings, exhibitions, lectures etc. Although there is no specific requirement for mosques in terms of their architecture, one can see some common features inside and outside of many mosques such as minarets, domes, ablution areas, prayer niche (mihrab), pulpit (minbar) and so on.
Muslims are obliged to perform the ritual worship 5 times a day. They are not required to attend a mosque for each of these prayers however in order to interact with the community they are encouraged to pray in congregation. Friday noon is the only time in a week when Muslims must definitely join the congregational prayer in a mosque after which they can continue their work, education or other commitments.
Azan or the call for prayer is a vocal announcement that one can hear from minarets 5 times a day. The call to prayer is made live -even early in the morning- by a person called 'muazzin'. The muazzins are usually chosen from people with loud and beautiful voices and trained over years to make this announcement beautifully and invite people to worship.
Taksim: Get to the Tünel station either by foot or by taking the Nostalgic Tram Line, then take the tram to Karaköy.
Also you can take the funicular railway line from the Taksim metro station for Kabataş. From Kabataş, get on the T1 Zeytinburnu – Kabataş tramline and get off at the Karaköy stop.
Atatürk Airport: You can use the Aksaray – Havaalanı metro line, then transfer on to T1 Zeytinburnu – Kabataş tramline and get off at the Karaköy stop.
Blue Mosque Area: Get on the T1 Zeytinburnu – Kabataş tramline for the Karaköy stop.