Karadavut Camiisi (Karadavut Mosque)
The Karadavut Mosque was built by one of the Grand Viziers of Bayezid II, Davut Pasha, in 1505. It was rebuilt in 1868 after being destroyed in a fire. Located close to the Mimar Sinan Market, the mosque lost part of its courtyard to road construction.
An inscription on its door states that it was renovated in 1869 by Hüseyin Ağa during the reign of Sultan Mahmud II. A plaque on the mosque’s south gate writes that it was once called Ayasofya of the Üsküdar Market.
Mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. It comes from the Arabic word 'masjid' which literally means "a place for prostration". Mosques are also places where Muslims come together for different purposes such as education, social gatherings, public meetings, exhibitions, lectures etc. Although there is no specific requirement for mosques in terms of their architecture, one can see some common features inside and outside of many mosques such as minarets, domes, ablution areas, prayer niche (mihrab), pulpit (minbar) and so on.
Muslims are obliged to perform the ritual worship 5 times a day. They are not required to attend a mosque for each of these prayers however in order to interact with the community they are encouraged to pray in congregation. Friday noon is the only time in a week when Muslims must definitely join the congregational prayer in a mosque after which they can continue their work, education or other commitments.
Azan or the call for prayer is a vocal announcement that one can hear from minarets 5 times a day. The call to prayer is made live -even early in the morning- by a person called 'muazzin'. The muazzins are usually chosen from people with loud and beautiful voices and trained over years to make this announcement beautifully and invite people to worship.