The Aziz Mahmut Hudayi Mosque was built in 1594 by Ayşe Hanım Sultan, the daughter of Mihrimah Sultan and the Grand Vizier Rüstem Paşa, for Aziz Mahmud Hudayi who served as Qadi in Edirne, Egypt, Sham(Syria) and Bursa. He was a murid and khalifah and wrote about thirty works, seven of which are in Turkish.
The mosque is part of a complex (Turkish: kulliye) that consists of a soup kitchen, a tomb, a library, a chamber for Sultans, a fountain, dervish rooms, a house for the sheikh and a bakery spread out over a total area of 10,000 square meters.
The mosque was built in accordance with dervish lodge architecture, and took its final shape during the reign of Sultan Abdülmecid. Over the gate of the courtyard there is the ornamented monogram of Abdülmecid. To the right of this gate there is a fountain built in 1724 by Mehmed Paşa, the son-in-law of Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Paşa.
To the left are the Aziz Mahmud Hüdayi fountains, built at the same time as the mosque.
One of the most frequently visited religious sites in Üsküdar, the lodge offers meals to the poor and students, and further organizes meal distribution to the homes of the poor.
Mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. It comes from the Arabic word 'masjid' which literally means "a place for prostration". Mosques are also places where Muslims come together for different purposes such as education, social gatherings, public meetings, exhibitions, lectures etc. Although there is no specific requirement for mosques in terms of their architecture, one can see some common features inside and outside of many mosques such as minarets, domes, ablution areas, prayer niche (mihrab), pulpit (minbar) and so on.
Muslims are obliged to perform the ritual worship 5 times a day. They are not required to attend a mosque for each of these prayers however in order to interact with the community they are encouraged to pray in congregation. Friday noon is the only time in a week when Muslims must definitely join the congregational prayer in a mosque after which they can continue their work, education or other commitments.
Azan or the call for prayer is a vocal announcement that one can hear from minarets 5 times a day. The call to prayer is made live -even early in the morning- by a person called 'muazzin'. The muazzins are usually chosen from people with loud and beautiful voices and trained over years to make this announcement beautifully and invite people to worship.
From the Atatürk Airpot
Take the public bus YH 1 ( Atatürk Havalimanı – Yenikapı İdo) and get off at Yenikapı stop
From Yenikapı stop, you can take Marmaray and reach to Üsküdar (Asian Side)
Take the bus 40 T İ(stinye Dereiçi – Taksim ) / yellow mini-bus called “dolmuş” to reach to Beşiktaş
From the Beşktaş Port , you can take little ferry called “motor” to go to Üsküdar ( Asian Side)