Üsküdar Mihrimah Sultan Camiisi (Uskudar Mihrimah Sultan Mosque)
Sultantepe Mah. Selmanağabostanı Sok. No:18 D:4, Kuzguncuk, Üsküdar/İstanbul
Daily, except prayer times.
Muslims pray five times each day. The precise timing of prayers often vary by a few minutes each day, therefore throughout a year there is a wide range of prayer times. The reason is that Islamic prayer times were traditionally set according to the movement of the sun.
Actually Islamic prayers are fixed at the same "time" period each day -- before dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening. Because of the rotation of the earth, the latitudes of the earth’s locations, daylight savings time, etc. -- the "times" (according to the clock) for these prayers change depending on time of day and location.
An early work of Mimar Sinan, this complex was built on the instructions of Süleyman the Magnificient in 1548 in memory of his daughter Mihrimah Sultan, whose mother was the famous Roxelana. It contained a mosque, a school for children, a fountain, a medrese consisting of sixteen rooms, a guesthouse of eight rooms, a stable, a larder, a store house and a caravanserai. On the right hand wall of the mosque, next to the entrance to the graveyard, there is a sun dial, built by the Dervish Gaybî Muhyiddin, the timekeeper of the Yeni Camii. This was built in 1769 and was called the “Basita”. The clock is one of the best examples of sun dials in İstanbul. Today, the medrese is used as a health center and the school for the children is now a children’s library. There is a fountain located next to the wall closest to the Bosphorus and another one under the school. The Square Baths (the Grand Baths) were removed at the end of the 1980’s. The building that has replaced it bears no resemblance to the original and houses a super market.
Mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. It comes from the Arabic word 'masjid' which literally means "a place for prostration". Mosques are also places where Muslims come together for different purposes such as education, social gatherings, public meetings, exhibitions, lectures etc. Although there is no specific requirement for mosques in terms of their architecture, one can see some common features inside and outside of many mosques such as minarets, domes, ablution areas, prayer niche (mihrab), pulpit (minbar) and so on.
Muslims are obliged to perform the ritual worship 5 times a day. They are not required to attend a mosque for each of these prayers however in order to interact with the community they are encouraged to pray in congregation. Friday noon is the only time in a week when Muslims must definitely join the congregational prayer in a mosque after which they can continue their work, education or other commitments.
Azan or the call for prayer is a vocal announcement that one can hear from minarets 5 times a day. The call to prayer is made live -even early in the morning- by a person called 'muazzin'. The muazzins are usually chosen from people with loud and beautiful voices and trained over years to make this announcement beautifully and invite people to worship.
Taksim: Get on the funicular railway line inside the Metro station for Kabataş. You can take the ferries from Kabataş to Üsküdar.
Atatürk Airport: Take the Aksaray – Havaalanı metro line for Zeytinburnu. Get on the T1 Zeytinburnu – Kabataş tramline and get off at the Eminönü stop. You can take ferries or boats to get to Üsküdar.
Blue Mosque Area: Take the T1 Zeytinburnu – Kabataş tramline to get off at Eminönü. You can take ferries or boats to get to Üsküdar.