Eyüp Sultan Camiisi (Eyup Sultan Mosque)
Camili Kebir Sok., Eyüp
Daily, except prayer times.
Muslims pray five times each day. The precise timing of prayers often vary by a few minutes each day, therefore throughout a year there is a wide range of prayer times. The reason is that Islamic prayer times were traditionally set according to the movement of the sun.
Actually Islamic prayers are fixed at the same "time" period each day -- before dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening. Because of the rotation of the earth, the latitudes of the earth’s locations, daylight savings time, etc. -- the "times" (according to the clock) for these prayers change depending on time of day and location.
The Eyüp Sultan Mosque, located on the tip of the Golden Horn, is not only a house of worship but a sacred place in Islamic revelation.
The tomb of Eyyub El-Ensari, who served as a sanjak in Mohammed’s army, is found in its courtyard. The mosque and tomb were constructed by Mehmed the Conqueror in 1459.
The first mosque was damaged by an earthquake and the mosque standing today was constructed in 1800. The tomb, covered with external titles, is open to visitors on special days. People with difficulties or special requests, pilgrims and supplicants or those about to be married often visit the tomb to pray.
Mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. It comes from the Arabic word 'masjid' which literally means "a place for prostration". Mosques are also places where Muslims come together for different purposes such as education, social gatherings, public meetings, exhibitions, lectures etc. Although there is no specific requirement for mosques in terms of their architecture, one can see some common features inside and outside of many mosques such as minarets, domes, ablution areas, prayer niche (mihrab), pulpit (minbar) and so on.
Muslims are obliged to perform the ritual worship 5 times a day. They are not required to attend a mosque for each of these prayers however in order to interact with the community they are encouraged to pray in congregation. Friday noon is the only time in a week when Muslims must definitely join the congregational prayer in a mosque after which they can continue their work, education or other commitments.
Azan or the call for prayer is a vocal announcement that one can hear from minarets 5 times a day. The call to prayer is made live -even early in the morning- by a person called 'muazzin'. The muazzins are usually chosen from people with loud and beautiful voices and trained over years to make this announcement beautifully and invite people to worship.
Taksim: Take the funicular railway line inside the Taksim Metro station for Kabataş. From Kabataş take the T1 Zeytinburnu – Kabataş train for Eminönü. Shuttle buses 99 and 99A will take you to the Eyüp Sultan Mosque.
Atatürk Airport: Take the Aksaray – Havaalanı metro line, then transfer to T1 Zeytinburnu – Kabataş tramline to Eminönü. Shuttle buses 99 and 99A will take you to the Eyüp Sultan Mosque.
Blue Mosque Area: Go to Eminönü by using T1 Zeytinburnu – Kabataş tramline. Shuttle buses 99 and 99A will take you to the Eyüp Sultan Mosque.