Hırka-i Şerif Camiisi ( Hirka-i Serif Mosque)
Akseki Cad. Muhtesip İskender Mah. No:3, Fatih
Daily, except prayer times.
Muslims pray five times each day. The precise timing of prayers often vary by a few minutes each day, therefore throughout a year there is a wide range of prayer times. The reason is that Islamic prayer times were traditionally set according to the movement of the sun.
Actually Islamic prayers are fixed at the same "time" period each day -- before dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening. Because of the rotation of the earth, the latitudes of the earth’s locations, daylight savings time, etc. -- the "times" (according to the clock) for these prayers change depending on time of day and location.
The Hırka-i Şerif Mosque, located in the district of Atikali, was built in 1851 on the orders of Sultan Abdülmecid to protect and exhibit the cloak given to Uwais al-Qarani by the Prophet Muhammad. In Turkish Hırka-i Şerif means “Cloak of the Sharif.”
The mosque was built in the shape of an octagon with one central dome. It is deeply significant to Muslims for is role in keeping and protecting the Hırka-i Şerif. Housing was built around the mosque for visiting state officials, and for those whose duty it was to protect the sacred site. In addition, there is an endowed estate for oldest male member of the Üveysi family, and a chamber of deputies found in the area. The barracks originally built for the jandarma company tasked with guarding the site are now used to house the Fatih National Education Directorate.
Mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. It comes from the Arabic word 'masjid' which literally means "a place for prostration". Mosques are also places where Muslims come together for different purposes such as education, social gatherings, public meetings, exhibitions, lectures etc. Although there is no specific requirement for mosques in terms of their architecture, one can see some common features inside and outside of many mosques such as minarets, domes, ablution areas, prayer niche (mihrab), pulpit (minbar) and so on.
Muslims are obliged to perform the ritual worship 5 times a day. They are not required to attend a mosque for each of these prayers however in order to interact with the community they are encouraged to pray in congregation. Friday noon is the only time in a week when Muslims must definitely join the congregational prayer in a mosque after which they can continue their work, education or other commitments.
Azan or the call for prayer is a vocal announcement that one can hear from minarets 5 times a day. The call to prayer is made live -even early in the morning- by a person called 'muazzin'. The muazzins are usually chosen from people with loud and beautiful voices and trained over years to make this announcement beautifully and invite people to worship.
Taksim: Take the 87 Edirnekapı – Taksim bus from Taksim and get off at the Atikali stop.
Atatürk Airport: Take the Aksaray – Havaalanı metro line and get off at the Emniyet – Fatih stop. It is within walking distance.
Blue Mosque Area: Take the T1 Zeytinburnu – Kabataş tramline for Eminönü. Hop in buses number 37E, 36KE or 32 and get off at the Atikali stop.