Gül Camii (Gul Mosque)

The Gül Mosque began its life as a church in the 11th Century.

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Yavuz Sultan Selim Mh., 34083 Fatih/Istanbul Province, Turkey ‎

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The Gül Mosque (Turkish: Gül Camii) was built as a church during the Roman period in the 11th century, known as the Saint Theodosia Church. After the conquest of Istanbul the church was converted into a mosque in 1499 and took the name “Gül” (English: Rose).

Legend says; the night before the conquest of Istanbul people filled the church and spread rose petals over the ground in honor of Saint Theodosia. When Ottoman soldiers entered the church and saw the floor covered with rose petals they gave it the name “Rose Mosque”, or Gül Camii.

Mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. It comes from the Arabic word 'masjid' which literally means "a place for prostration". Mosques are also places where Muslims come together for different purposes such as education, social gatherings, public meetings, exhibitions, lectures etc. Although there is no specific requirement for mosques in terms of their architecture, one can see some common features inside and outside of many mosques such as minarets, domes, ablution areas, prayer niche (mihrab), pulpit (minbar) and so on.

Muslims are obliged to perform the ritual worship 5 times a day. They are not required to attend a mosque for each of these prayers however in order to interact with the community they are encouraged to pray in congregation. Friday noon is the only time in a week when Muslims must definitely join the congregational prayer in a mosque after which they can continue their work, education or other commitments.

Azan or the call for prayer is a vocal announcement that one can hear from minarets 5 times a day. The call to prayer is made live -even early in the morning- by a person called 'muazzin'. The muazzins are usually chosen from people with loud and beautiful voices and trained over years to make this announcement beautifully and invite people to worship.
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